Steps toward better credit reports as needed for real estate financing
Credit bureaus store and maintain information about your borrowing and repayment habits in a detailed file - your credit report. This report can contain information such as personal identification, your credit history, public records with an effect on your credit and a list of parties you have authorized to access this information. The purpose of this report is to establish a standardized and objective credit rating for you.
A credit rating is a measure of how dependable you are in repaying your debts. Most credit-reporting agencies will give you a rating on a scale of 1 to 9, others will assign letters corresponding to the type of credit you're using. For example, a rating of "1" means you pay your bills within 30 days of the due date, while a rating of "9" can mean that you never pay your bills at all.
An "R" rating is also included in your credit score. This rating is assigned by lenders based on your past history of borrowing and paying off debts, and it can range from 1 through 9. An R1 rating is the best, meaning you pay your debts on time, within 30 days, and an R9 is the worst.
Your credit rating is not established by the government or by financial institutions - it is established by you. If you don't pay your bills on time or fail to repay a loan, you may be reported to a credit bureau.
Credit can be one of your most valuable personal assets. When not properly managed, it can impact your ability to borrow later in life.
A credit score is a numeric figure that represents your credit risk at a particular point in time. The credit-reporting agencies, Equifax and TransUnion, use a scale from 300 to 900. The higher your score, the lower the risk for the lender, so it's easier to get approved for a new loan.
Factors that influence your credit score include:
Contact one of Canada's credit bureaus to receive a copy of your credit report by mail, free of charge. For a fee, you can also view your credit report online.
For more information, contact one of the credit bureaus directly at:
The easiest way to establish a good credit rating is to pay your bills on time. If you don't have a credit card, apply for one, and use it responsibly. If you make your minimum payments, you can develop a good credit history. This will have a positive impact on your ability to borrow in the future.